Check Your Blood Pressure By Yourself - TobiVibes


TobiVibes

Check Your Blood Pressure By Yourself

High blood pressure is called a “silent killer” because it rarely causes symptoms until it severely damages a person’s health.

High blood pressure, or hypertension, affects around 1 in 3 American adults. The current guidelines and definition mean that close to half of all adults in the United States will be diagnosed with the condition.

When a person has high blood pressure, their blood is putting too much pressure on the walls of the arteries as it flows through.

If a person does not receive treatment, hypertension can cause serious health complications, such as heart disease and stroke. Nearly everyone can treat hypertension with lifestyle changes, and some people may also benefit from medication.

In this article, we discuss the myths and facts of high blood pressure symptoms. We also describe high and normal blood pressure readings and complications of high blood pressure.

Fact and fiction

Some people may believe that if they do not experience symptoms, they have no reason to worry about their blood pressure. Unfortunately, this is not the case.

High blood pressure usually has no symptoms until it causes serious complications. The only way to know a person’s blood pressure is to check it.

Many believe that high blood pressure causes symptoms such as headaches, nervousness, sweating, and facial redness. However, according to the American Heart Association (AHA), hypertension often causes none of these issues.

Symptoms that people often mistakenly attribute to high blood pressure include:

  • Headaches and nosebleeds: Hypertension only causes headaches or nosebleeds when blood pressure is dangerously high, which is known as a hypertensive crisis. This is considered a medical emergency.
  • Dizziness: High blood pressure does not cause dizziness, though some blood pressure lowering medications can make a person feel dizzy.
  • Facial redness: Hypertension does not cause facial flushing, but a person may temporarily experience both high blood pressure and facial flushing from factors such as stress, alcohol, or spicy foods.

People may experience symptoms of high blood pressure when the reading suddenly rises above 180/120 millimeters of mercury (mmHg). This is considered a hypertensive crisis with hypertensive urgency or a hypertensive emergency depending on a person’s other symptoms.

Symptoms of a hypertensive crisis include the following:

 

  • severe headaches
  • nosebleeds
  • chest pain
  • back pain
  • severe anxiety
  • shortness of breath

Interpreting blood pressure readings

Blood pressure readings contain two numbers expressed as a fraction, such as 120/80 mmHg. Systolic pressure is the first number, and diastolic pressure is the second.

The readings show pressure in different stages:

  • Systolic pressure: This indicates pressure in the arteries when the lower part of the heart beats and the blood pushes harder against the artery wall.
  • Diastolic pressure: This indicates the pressure in the blood vessels between beats.

The current definitions of normal and high blood pressure are:

Blood pressure Systolic mmHg Diastolic mmHg
Normal Less than 120 and Less than 80
Elevated 120–129 and Less than 80
Hypertension stage 1 130–139 or 80–89
Hypertension stage 2 140 or higher or 90 or higher
Hypertensive crisis Higher than 180 and/or Higher than 120

Doctors group blood pressure readings into the following categories:

Hypotension

Doctors define hypotension, or low blood pressure, as pressure below 90/60 mmHg. Extremely low blood pressure can result in less oxygen flowing to organs, which can lead to health complications.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.